Model UN on Climate Change

June 13, 2018

 

Last Saturday,June 2, at the early afternoon, Model UN took part in the office of Youth Association DRONI where the delegates from eleven countries arrived for the UFCCC Summit. Main objective was to develop participants' critical thinking, negotiation skills, knowledge about the protocol of UN and to raise awareness about the dynamics of solutions to combat climate change among countries.

 

The main issue to be discussed: how to save the planet from climate catastrophes? It was an arduous task, but the 10 delegates present were confident that the task could be accomplished and that it would be possible to leave with a reasonable agreement that would meet the interests of the great powers (USA and China) and developing countries (notably Brazil and India).

 

 

Nevertheless, the start of the meeting was disheartening: The United States was irreducible and more concerned with security issues in North Korea and Eastern Europe, in addition to its longstanding rivalry with the Russian Federation. Germany adopted a conciliatory tone and tried by all means to find a consensus, just as Canada (all the time bringing propositions). Following the initial considerations, India led the developing countries to form a coalition in favor of a Climate Fund to avoid disasters related to global warming, in which rich countries should contribute more (nothing more than fair, by the way).

 

France and the United Kingdom formed the opposition and Saudi Arabia - ignoring being the world's largest oil producer - offered aid of various kinds to countries affected by climate problems. When the debate started to get very heated, the Board of Directors suggested a quick coffee break, which was unanimously approved: Delegates talked informally between coffee and candies and a draft proposal began to be drawn up.

The second session started frenetic and was already moving toward an encouraging consensus. Canada has regrouped several countries willing to change and submitted the first proposal: Creation of a Climate Fund in which rich countries would contribute 50% more than developing countries in relation to GDP. The vote was tight: by 6 to 4, the proposal passed, and the Board of Directors approved in the highs. The second proposal was the creation of a Special Commission at the United Nations charged with promoting and overseeing the transfer of green technology to the countries of the Global South. Only Saudi Arabia objected. The final proposal - to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50% in the next decade - was extremely complicated. USA formed the opposition and Canada relented Industries pressure, only Australia remained firm and the proposal failed.

 

 

Although the most important point of the Summit failed, the Board declared that the meeting was a giant success and would be the first step to save the planet, although it acknowledged that we are running out of time and we need to reach consensus on reductions targets as soon as possible.

 

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